How to Make a Residential Proxy – A Comprehensive Guide 

The fact that residential proxies enhance anonymity during online activity and promote access to geo-restricted websites has been established over and again. But what exactly goes into the creation of a residential proxy? What are the steps involved?

It may seem difficult especially when you lack the required technicality. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore residential proxies, their use cases, how to make a residential proxy from scratch and troubleshoot for issues that may arise when the proxy starts working.

If making your own residential proxy has been a target, this is for you.

What is a Residential Proxy?

how does a residential proxy work

A residential proxy is a vast network of inter-woven internet protocol (IP) addresses that originate from internet service providers (ISPs) and serve as intermediaries between an end-user and the internet. These proxies allow subscribers to use their IP address for various online activities, including enhancing privacy and anonymity and passing geographical blockers. These IP addresses are small networks and could be attached to a physical location such as the local area.

To understand how a residential proxy works, consider it a bridge linking your personal computer or smartphone to the websites you interact with. It helps the end user stay anonymous without exposing their identity or device’s location while surfing the internet.

Generally, residential proxies hide the IP address of an end user and assign a different address from its proxy pool. If you’re subscribed to a residential proxy, you can appear as anyone or anywhere globally – you get to access several web pages and bypass blockers without anyone getting a hint of who you are.

Use Cases of Residential Proxies

Residential proxies are used for two main purposes – enhancing anonymity and security or bypassing geo-blockers. Besides this, the use cases of residential proxies are endless. 

In this section, we’ll be exploring some use cases of residential proxies.

  • Social media management

Social media is a key marketing channel for businesses that desire to make an impact in this ever-evolving digital landscape. For businesses to succeed, they ought to have several social media accounts and be able to juggle between them on a single device. This is where a proxy comes in. They help businesses manage several accounts and reach new audiences in different countries.

  • Global price monitoring

Many businesses today rely on customer retention and satisfaction. To stay ahead of your competitors, you need to track data, monitor and comply with global price trends, and keep up with product trends and likely costs. This is where residential proxies come in handy. You can access price data globally without any geographical restrictions.

  • Cybersecurity and network vulnerability testing

Cybersecurity experts often use several strategies to check the porosity of a website or application and how likely it is for bad actors to leverage any loophole and wreak havoc. One such strategy is the use of residential proxies to hide their original IP address. This way, they can keep cybercriminals in check and maintain the integrity of a web page or application.

  • Data Scraping

Large companies often use residential proxies to scrap valuable data off the internet and keep an eye on their competitors. These data include marketing, financial, corporate, and regulatory data. Since rotation residential proxies can periodically route the company’s IP address, valuable information can be collected online to boost its growth.

  • Ad Verification

You can effectively monitor several aspects of the media landscape with residential proxies. One such area is ad verification. When surfing the internet, you may randomly come across advertisements that you may be tempted to click on. However, not all ads are genuine. If you have a residential proxy installed on your device, you’ll be blocked from clicking fake advertisements.

  • Site Unblocking

Several web pages and applications are geo-restricted, making them accessible to only people in a specific location. If you’re sourcing valuable pieces of information or traveling, you can access such sites by simply installing a residential proxy. The proxy will replace your IP address with one the geo-locked website is conversant with, giving unrestricted access to the website.

How to Make a Residential Proxy – Basic Requirements

Making a residential proxy is quite technical, especially rotational ones. Certain requirements must be met such as hardware and software infrastructure, location, proxy provider, and to a greater extent, regulatory requirements.

In this section, we’ll explore each of these requirements.

Hardware and Software Requirements

In this section, all the hardware and software needed for making the residential proxy are considered and they include the server infrastructure, operating system, and proxy management software.

Server infrastructure: When making a residential proxy, you may consider self-hosting servers. This strategy is, however, financially, energy, and infrastructurally draining. Other hosting providers you could consider include cloud services such as Google Cloud, AWS, or Azure; dedicated servers which are physical points provided by data centers, or virtual private servers. 

Several factors should guide your decision for choosing server infrastructures. These include cost, scalability, reliability, reputation of the data center, and hardware specifications such as the CPU, RAM, and storage.

Operating System: Even though Linux is the common operating system used in making residential proxies (because it is open-source, secure, and stable), other brands such as Windows or iOS can be used. However, security and scalability must be considered at all times. Additionally, the operating system you decide to use should be compatible with the residential proxy you’re making.

Residential proxy management: Making a residential proxy and being able to manage it are like two sides of the same coin. To effectively manage your proxy, tools such as proxy mesh, and GeoSurf may come in handy to enhance IP rotation, geo-targeting, and session management. Tools for authentication and API integration may also be useful to prevent unauthorized access or provide programmatic access.


Location is another crucial requirement to consider when making a residential proxy. If you choose a dedicated or virtual private host provider for your proxy, ensure the servers are in close proximity to the website you want to access. If you choose a physical server provided by a data center, both of them should be in close proximity to each other.

Depending on the location you choose, you may be faced with issues of reliability, compliance, and scalability.


Compliance in making a residential proxy may be bigger than it sounds. During the process of obtaining IP addresses or meeting other requirements, your activities must be in line with the laws governing the industry. Some compliance measures include meeting data protection and privacy laws, privacy and user consent, local laws, responsible usage, data handling and storage terms, and the website’s terms of service and usage.

Setting Up and Configuring Your Residential Proxy Infrastructure

After choosing the operating system, server infrastructure, and other hardware requirements, setting up and configuring your residential proxy infrastructure should be your next target. The process of configuration is aimed at ensuring the proxy is secure, functions optimally, and handles traffic flow. 

The setup and configuration are split into four stages which comprise the configuration of the server, setting up the network, load balancing, authentication, monitoring, and troubleshooting.

Configuring the Server

The process of configuring the server is quite long and technical. Below, we’ve summarized the process, making it easier for you:

  • Set up your operating system by installing the required server such as Ubuntu or CentOS server and configure them by typing in the host name and the correct timezone.
  • Ensure to install the required programs such as web server (Apache) and proxy server software (Squid or HAProxy).
  • Proceed to create an account using the appropriate server permissions. Remember to disable the base account. If you have a hard time disabling it, simply restrict its usage.
  • Move to configure a firewall to manage traffic inflow and outflow. However, you should give room for only traffic with the correct IP address and port number to flow in and out of the proxy. Some notable firewalls to try include iptables and firewalld.
  • You may want to configure your SSH by changing the default port or disabling authentication passwords so that only SSH keys can be used to sign in.

Setting up the Network

Once you’ve configured your server, the next thing you should do is set up your network The steps below will come in handy when setting up your network:

  • Add both static and dynamic IP addresses to the servers you’ve configured. Remember to configure your DNS settings to prevent pending conflicts in hostnames.
  • Move to configure the IP routing and ensure that network services such as IPv6 are enabled or disabled.
  • Resolve internal hostname by adding ./etc/hosts. to the file. Proceed to configure the DNS resolver setting.
  • If your proxy network extends to multiple regions, it is only natural to configure routing tables and set up default gateways for easy traffic flow.
  • The chosen IP server software should be installed and configured, specifying the ports and rules as deemed fit. Ensure to state user authenticated and access control lists (ACL) if needed.
  • Implement security measures by adding IP filters, limiting connection, or encrypting SSL or TLS.

Load Balancing

Load balancing simply refers to the strategies taken to ensure the residential proxy performs optimally just like its early stages. Load balancing is necessary especially when you have multiple servers distributed across regions. It ensures your proxy remains scalable even when traffic inflow and outflow increases.

Some strategies to ensure load balancing include:

  • Setting up additional servers as your proxy network grows.
  • Using strategies such as least connection to redirect traffic.

Authentication and Trouble Shooting

Authentication focuses on who should have access to your residential proxy and who shouldn’t. While authentication manages access, it also enhances security by giving only licensed individuals access to the proxy.

Some strategies for authenticating your proxy include:

  • Setting up a username and password system which end users must have to access the proxy.
  • Creating an IP whitelist to run for a specific period. The bottom line is to control access. IP addresses not contained in the whitelist can be blacklisted from the proxy.
  • SSL and TLS can be encrypted for secure transfer of data through the proxy.

Additionally, when you make a proxy to enhance anonymity and bypass restrictions, you should be able to troubleshoot issues that may arise when it starts running. Here are some methods for troubleshooting issues:

  • Identifying issues that are likely to occur during configuration, network setup, or authentication setup, and providing solutions the end user can take to fix them.
  • You should have an online community where members can interact and possibly walk themselves through issues or have dedicated resources that users can read through to fix issues.
  • As your proxy network grows, you may consider investing in a technical support team to address the challenges of end users.

Wrap Up

Making a residential proxy isnt easy as it seems. The process requires a lot of time, energy, and resources. At the start of the article, we explored the concept of residential proxies, how they work, and the several use cases.

We went on to see how to make a residential proxy. We highlighted the requirements that must be met to make a residential proxy including hardware and software requirements, location, and compliance. We looked at how residential proxies can be set up and configured for use. We concluded with strategies to troubleshoot issues that may occur as the proxy network grows.

Frequently Asked Questions and Answers (FAQs)

  1. Before deploying your residential proxy servers, what checks should you carry out?

Before deploying your residential proxy, there are two critical checks you must conduct. They include:

Functionality and performance testing: It’s necessary to check that the IP address functions as expected. One way of knowing it functions well is to try it out on a geo-restricted website to see if it works. To check for performance, on the other hand, the speed for latency and download or upload should be optimum notwithstanding the location.

Quality Assurance Testing: This test may be conducted on the IP address to see if they are randomly blocked on geo-locked websites. If they are, it means they are of low quality. You may need to constantly inspect your codes to be sure they aren’t compromised.

  1. What features should my residential proxy have?

When you make a residential proxy, it may be for just you or a close-knit circle. Either way, it should have the following features:

  • Auto IP rotation
  • 24/7 support for troubleshooting
  • A significant number of IP addresses should be in the pool.
  • Etc.
  1. What is the difference between a static or rotation residential proxy?

The major difference between a static or rotation residential proxy is in the operation. With static proxies, a single IP address is assigned to the end user. In most cases, the address can be spotted and flagged. But with rotation proxies, the end user’s IP address is periodically changed during online activity, making it difficult to spot and block.

How to Make Residential Proxy? Simple Setup Guide
Senior Growth Marketing Manager
As NetNut's Senior Growth Marketing Manager, Or Maman applies his marketing proficiency and analytical insights to propel growth, establishing himself as a force within the proxy industry.